Tuesday, September 21, 2010

Important Plants of Ghana

Ghana is blessed with rich and fertile soil. Agriculture is the main source of income for Ghanaians, and there are an abundant amount of indigenous trees and plants, as well as some imported ones, like cocoa. They are beneficial not just for food, but also for medical purposes. Many people today still stay away from the local clinics and use their own remedies, and most of them work.

Learning the plants turned out to be a fun experience. It is how the local children would teach us Twi. I also learned that many of the schools in Ghana have farms in order to provide a little extra money to better their school. This is important to do in developing countries when the government does not have a lot of money for education.

The largest challenge according to Dua, a teacher at Salvation Army who taught me about his farm, is storage and spoilage. Many of the crops like tomatoes, oranges, plantains, and corn must be sold fast and cheap. They have no way of storing them, and many go to waste because they cannot be sold. We saw one woman in Cape Coast who was selling about a hundred oranges for 3 cedi (2 USD), just to try and get rid of them. Another challenge Ghana faces is that the weeds grow just as well as the plants. Weeding is very important and takes a lot of work. Being a farmer is a challenging job.

Kwadu- Banana Tree. Bananas are an important fruit in Ghana because they are abundant and tasty. They come in many shapes and sizes, and are often difficult to distinguish from plantains. You can tell if the tree is a banana tree because there is more white on the back side of the leaf.





Brode
- Plantain Tree. Plantains are used for cooking Red Red, which is a favorite local dish made of beans and fried plantains. Plantains are very sweet and crunchy but are considered a starch. While they look a lot like bananas, the fruit of a plantain has many more seeds and turns red when it is ripe.


Nyameduo-Blood of Jesus Plant. This colorful plant is used to mark the boundaries of farms. It gets its English name because it is supposed to keep peace between neighbors. The leaves are also used to help cure fevers related to Malaria.


Bankye- Cassava. Cassava is a very important plant because it an ingredient in the signature dish of Ghana, fufu. It looks a lot like a yam, but the fruit all grows off the same root. They grow about four inches under the soil. Cassava can also be used in a lot of local soups to add more flavor.


Kookoo- Cocoa tree. This is both the Twi and the English name (with different spellings) for the imported cocoa plant that makes up most of Ghana’s income. It is by far the most important crop in the country, and every bit of the plant is utilized. They use the pods and the rinds to make a fertilizer, and the fruit of the pod is very sweet and can be sucked off to eat. They are also used in soups for a sweetener. The most important function of the cocoa is to dry out the beans to ship off to other countries who will transform it into chocolate.


Aburow- Corn. Corn is a major part of most Ghanaian’s diets. It comes in all forms from the cob to ground up in porridge. It was mostly used for breakfast foods called Capitals (with big hunks of corn) or Lower Cases (with ground up corn). It is also pretty cheap and affordable for most people.


Amangyedua- Ficus Tree. This is a parasite tree because it will latch onto a host and then gradually take over and kill the original tree. The one I saw on the mid semester retreat was very old and very large. They are hallow on the inside and look like a rib cage to me. While cool to look at, these are not a favorite among farmers.



Bese- Kola Nut Tree. Traditionally it was used as a welcome gift for visitors. If you have read any of the Nigerian author Achebe’s writings, these nuts that grow on these trees were used in the same way.



Cokia- Kontomireh. This is a short plant with large leaves that are used in most Ghanaian stews and soups. It is said to give a person more blood if they eat it. They are also used like a makeshift bowl to hold meals on the go.




Ankaadweaa
- Lemon Tree. These fruits are not used for eating the way we would use a lemon. Their primary purpose is for their acids to mix into a cleaning solution. It is also used to burn to get rid of a bad smell.


Odanya- Millettia Zechiana Plant- The ripe seeds on this plant may be eaten raw or if unripe it can be used for washing or fixing color. In Adinkra cloth, this is what they use to preserve the colors of their wash. It is found farther out into the bush, an hour or so walk out of Wiamoase.


Anka- Orange Tree. In Ghana there are oranges everywhere. They are used to eat, but they are eaten a certain way. Instead of pealing and biting into the fruit, they shave off the skin, cut off the top, and squeeze out the juice and fruit. They are too fibrous to bite. They are also believed to cause stomach ulcers if you did not eat them with something else. This fruit was good to sell because it was in season almost year round.


Kokosi- Coconut Tree. Coconut in Ghana is mostly used for eating. Venders are all over Kumasi, husking the shredding the meat for you to enjoy. The shells can also be turned into a sturdy bowl.



Paupa- Palm Nut- The nut from these trees are used for cooking soup. It is most complimentary with fufu. It has a scared significance traditionally for anointing the sick. It is still used today among the locals, although it is said to be very unhealthy.



Paya- Pear, or Avocado Tree. The fruit of the avocado is used as a food in Ghana. It makes a good spread on bread, a good soup ingredient, and medically it is said to help your system regular.


Aborobe- Pineapple Plant. Pineapples are a local favorite, and there were only a few of them in Wiamoase. I never understood how these plants grow, but now I know that they grow above the ground, and not in a tree, with the stems facing down. There is a local proverb about pineapples that says ‘two heads are better than one.’ It is referring to people, but a plant that produces more than one head of fruit is preferable.


Ahwerew- Sugarcane. This is where sugar and other sweet tastes come from. You make a slit in the side, then use your teeth to remove the outside and suck the juice out. It is really quite good. We had it for a desert during our farewell dinner with Boakye. It has a very hairy texture, and it takes a lot of effort to remove the sugar contents. The stems are also used for canning misbehaved children.


Teak- This large tree is known by this name in both Twi and English. This picture does not do it justice, but being this far away was the only way to get it to fit into my lens. The wood of this tree is used to build furniture. It has the reputation of being very solid and of good quality. This was the biggest tree I saw in Ghana. The bark is also said to help reduce cold symptoms.


Nkate- White Groundnut Tree. Groundnuts are a very important part of the diets in Ghana. They can be used for their oil, for the seed, or for the flavors they can offer in groundnut paste or groundnut soup. They are a lot like a peanut but they are purple and softer on the inside of the shell. I have also heard a variation on the Twi name as Indiaame.




Apesie- Yam Plant. This is a very important food in Ghana. Yams are used in fufu and many other dishes. They are very large, weighing up to five pounds at the market we went to, and they take a very very long time to grow. They look like a cross between a giant potato and a root. They have an outer skin that is very hard, and you have to steam off the outer skin for the best flavor. They can be identified by their pointy leaves, which can also be used in stews and soups. Traditionally yams were given as offerings to the God’s, or libations to the ancestors.


Myra

(Field Notes 13.15, 27.31-32, 48.5, 73.8, 80.8, Picture files 0525, Mid Semester Retreat, 0724, and 0731)

47 comments:

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  2. There are some mistakes in the name of the trees. First specify which Ghanaian language this is based on and some of us can help you with name. Example: Yam is bayere. Ampesie or apesie refers to any cooked root tube like yam and potatoes as well as cooked plantain. Good job for the effort.

    ReplyDelete
  3. There are some mistakes in the name of the trees. First specify which Ghanaian language this is based on and some of us can help you with name. Example: Yam is bayere. Ampesie or apesie refers to any cooked root tube like yam and potatoes as well as cooked plantain. Good job for the effort.

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  4. I am looking for the english name of a plant call YAA KAKAN in our local dialect (twi). I must say this plant was ussually grown in schools in Ghana but it seems the awful smell has made most schools to stop growing them. If anyone know of this plant, please send me an email to AYIMAAH@HOTMAIL.COM. Thanks

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    2. CARROTS ARE KNOWN AS "YAA KANKAN"

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  5. How can I order any plants edibles from Ghana....

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  6. Hi, I'm Ghanaian. Please can you help me with the English name for a common plant in Ghana especially in the Ashanti region around Obuasi and other cities called 'nkwadaa nkwadaa borɔdi'. Meaning children's plantain. Thanks very much

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  8. I share the concerns of someone who commented here. Not only are some of the names wrong but some of the pictures too do not correspond with the names and descriptions.

    ReplyDelete
  9. i want to share my testimony of how i become rich and famous today… i was deeply strangled up by poverty and i had no body to help me, and also i search for help from different corners but to no avail… i see people around me getting rich but to me i was so ashamed of my self so i met a man on my way he was very rich and he was a doctor so he told me something and i think over it though out the day so the next day i looked up and i keep repeating what he said to me. ” if you want to get rich quick and be famous” you need to cross your heart and do what is in your mind so i tried all i could in other for me to do as he said so later on i told my fellow friend about this same thing then my friend was interested in my suggestions so i decided to look in the internet and i found their number so we decided to contact them and unfortunately we did as they instruct us to do and later they told us to get some requirements and all the rest… so this initiation took us just a week and later on the great fraternity gave us $1,200,000 to start up our lives…. and now am testifying that if in any case you want to join any great fraternity all you need to do is for you to contact them because they are legitimate and they do as what they instructed them to do, so you can as well WhatsApp me +2348106618681 or for more information +1(705)8062021 you can Email: illuminatipowerful666@gmail.com..

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Welcome to brotherhood Illuminati where you can become
      rich famous and popular and your life story we be change
      totally my name is james william I am here to share my
      testimony on how I join the great brotherhood Illuminati
      and my life story was change immediately . I was very poor
      no job and I has no money to even feed and take care of my
      family I was confuse in life I don’t know what to do I try all
      my possible best to get money but no one work out for me
      each day I share tears, I was just looking out my family no
      money to take care of them until one day I decided to join
      the great Illuminati , I come across them in the internet I
      never believe I said let me try I email them.all what they
      said we happen in my life just started it was like a dream to
      me they really change my story totally . They give me the
      sum of $1,200,000 and many thing. through the Illuminati I
      was able to become rich, and have many industry on my
      own and become famous and popular in my country , today
      me and my family is living happily and I am the most
      happiest man here is the opportunity for you to join the
      Illuminati and become rich and famous in life and be like
      other people and you life we be change totally.If you are
      interested in joining the great brotherhood Illuminati.then
      contact him on whatsapp +2348123233895 or you can email:jameswillian004@gmail.com

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    say bye bye to poverty by joining Illuminati i never believe not until i finally join but now i am rich..this man is real he made me what i am today and i am very proud of me begin a Illuminati member... if they, can make me rich make me become something in life why don't you join also for you to also be rich the money always flows through the members like an ocean that never runs dry it dose not matters if you have been scam before contact him for help to join :::: NOTE; that in this Great Brotherhood Of Illuminati No Bloodshed And No Humans Sacrifices is involved [We Don't Kill For Anything] OK... Do not miss this opportunity THANKS.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Welcome to brotherhood Illuminati where you can become
      rich famous and popular and your life story we be change
      totally my name is james william I am here to share my
      testimony on how I join the great brotherhood Illuminati
      and my life story was change immediately . I was very poor
      no job and I has no money to even feed and take care of my
      family I was confuse in life I don’t know what to do I try all
      my possible best to get money but no one work out for me
      each day I share tears, I was just looking out my family no
      money to take care of them until one day I decided to join
      the great Illuminati , I come across them in the internet I
      never believe I said let me try I email them.all what they
      said we happen in my life just started it was like a dream to
      me they really change my story totally . They give me the
      sum of $1,200,000 and many thing. through the Illuminati I
      was able to become rich, and have many industry on my
      own and become famous and popular in my country , today
      me and my family is living happily and I am the most
      happiest man here is the opportunity for you to join the
      Illuminati and become rich and famous in life and be like
      other people and you life we be change totally.If you are
      interested in joining the great brotherhood Illuminati.then
      contact him on whatsapp +2348123233895 or you can email:jameswillian004@gmail.com

      Delete
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  12. i want to share my testimony of how i become rich and famous today… i was deeply strangled up by poverty and i had no body to help me, and also i search for help from different corners but to no avail… i see people around me getting rich but to me i was so ashamed of my self so i met a man on my way he was very rich and he was a doctor so he told me something and i think over it though out the day so the next day i looked up and i keep repeating what he said to me. ” if you want to get rich quick and be famous” you need to cross your heart and do what is in your mind so i tried all i could in other for me to do as he said so later on i told my fellow friend about this same thing then my friend was interested in my suggestions so i decided to look in the internet and i found their number so we decided to contact them and unfortunately we did as they instruct us to do and later they told us to get some requirements and all the rest… so this initiation took us just a week and later on the great fraternity gave us $1,200,000 to start up our lives…. and now am testifying that if in any case you want to join any great fraternity all you need to do is for you to contact them because they are legitimate and they do as what they instructed them to do, so you can as well WhatsApp me +2348123233895 or you can email:jameswillian004@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  13. i want to share my testimony of how i become rich and famous today… i was deeply strangled up by poverty and i had no body to help me, and also i search for help from different corners but to no avail… i see people around me getting rich but to me i was so ashamed of my self so i met a man on my way he was very rich and he was a doctor so he told me something and i think over it though out the day so the next day i looked up and i keep repeating what he said to me. ” if you want to get rich quick and be famous” you need to cross your heart and do what is in your mind so i tried all i could in other for me to do as he said so later on i told my fellow friend about this same thing then my friend was interested in my suggestions so i decided to look in the internet and i found their number so we decided to contact them and unfortunately we did as they instruct us to do and later they told us to get some requirements and all the rest… so this initiation took us just a week and later on the great fraternity gave us $1,200,000 to start up our lives…. and now am testifying that if in any case you want to join any great fraternity all you need to do is for you to contact them because they are legitimate and they do as what they instructed them to do, so you can as well WhatsApp me +2348123233895 or you can email:jameswillian004@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  14. Hello!!! Do you want to be a member of the great Illuminati and start
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  15. WELCOME TO THE GREAT BROTHERHOOD.
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  16. WELCOME TO THE GREAT BROTHERHOOD.
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  17. JOIN THE NEW ILLUMINATI NEW WORD ORDER, ARE YOU A BUSINESS MAN OR WOMAN, PASTOR, POLITICIAN, YOUNG COMING UP STAR, WORKING CLASS OR FIRST CLASS JOB OF ANY TALENT YOU ARE INTO, and you want to become rich and famous and be well know all over the world, without no human blood, this is your time to join the illuminati club. And a benefits amount of, ($1000000) one million us dollars will be giving to you as a new member, $30,000 USD monthly as a salary, and a congratulation car with a free house of your own choice to welcome you to our illuminati club. if you want to achieve all your heart desire contact us via email: brotherhoodrichgroup@gmail.com better you call or message us on WhatsApp:+2348054518396

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  19. that was looooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooong but good

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  20. Good news to everyone reading this comment. I want to share my testimony on how i belong to the world famous illuminate fraternity society, and how i have become more famous, by acquiring huge wealth, riches and fame. Here is how my life changed. A friend of mine that was always giving me money, because he was very rich, wealthy, famous and successful. On one beautiful day, he said to me that he is not going to give me any money, that he is going to show me the way to be successful in life. So i was very happy, i never knew he was a member of the great illuminate society. So i was initiated to the world famous illuminate society, and few days later, i was awarded a contract worth millions of Dollars. Right now as i speak, in my business i am doing very well, i travel the world on business deals, i am now the one that gives money out to people, before life was so hard for me and my family. If you want to belong to us today? Send us an email now> illuminatiworldrich02@gmail.com and your life will change for good. call this number for more information WhatsApp number +2348110856113 vist

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  21. Please what is the two name for Mandrake root. Please anyone

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  22. Hello please what is the local name (twi name) for hyssop(hyssopus officinalis).

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  23. Hello please what is the local name (twi name) for hyssop(hyssopus officinalis).

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  24. CONTACT Mr Richard mark call (+2349159559277 or WhatsApp him through this  number +2349159559277 or email: illuminatiworldofsociety1@gmail.com Hello everyone Am from Liberia I am here to give a testimony on how I joined the illuminati brotherhood, I was trying to join  this organization for so many years now,I was scammed by fake agent in south Africa and Nigeria,I was down,I could not feed my self and my family anymore and I tried to make money by all miss but all invail, I was afraid
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  25. Hello Everyone I want to quickly use this medium to share a testimony on how i was directed to a Legit and real illuminati member who have transformed my life from grass to grace, from being poor to a rich woman who can now boast of a healthy and wealthy life without stress or financial difficulties. After so many months of trying to to be a member of the illuminati and was scammed the sum of $3,000 i became so desperate in being a member online who will not add to my pains, then i decided to contact a friend of mine who recently became a member, we discussed about the issue and to our conclusion she told me about a man called Paul mark who is the grand master in the whole of Africa. So i applied to become a member of illuminati easily without stress and all the preparations were made concerning how to become a member in two(2) days i became a member and the sum of 1.5 million dollars was deposited into my bank account so i want to advice any one who wants to become a member should call him +2349130700648 or WhatsApp him +2349130700648 or email (illuminatiworldoffamous@gmail.com) he does not know am doing this i pray that lucifer will bless him for the good things he has done in my life.      

    ReplyDelete
  26. I GOT THE  SUM OF $30 MILLION  AND A CAR AFTER JOINING THE ILLUMINATI 

    My name is flora rufer ,I am from the USA. I met a multi-billionaire friend in London in 2019 when I went there  for an entrepreneurship conference. She owns several production  companies around the world and she's also a paid partnership fair play real estate developer. After keeping close friendship with her for about a year, she finally disclosed the sources of her wealth to me. She told me that she's a member of the illuminati and she got almost all her wealth from the illuminati brotherhood. She noticed that I developed interest in becoming a member of the illuminati, then she asked me if I wanted to be rich and famous like her " i told her yes'. she introduce me to the grand master of the Illuminati , i got initiated into the Illuminati and i was giving sum of $30 million as a new member and a car as a gift.ever since i became a member,i have meant several world famous, rich and powerful people. if you are tired of poverty and you want to get rich and famous just as me kindly email us today via  email-:  illuminatiempire@outlook.com whatsapp +1(336)439-9921

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  28. I am a very happy person today because i am now a full and bona-fide member of the great ILLUMINATI. I want to quickly Say a big thanks World Illuminati Organizations the agent of the brotherhood who introduced me to becoming a member of the great Brotherhood brothers and sisters here is my story. I was told by a friend that to become a member of the brotherhood is Very difficult, so i was thinking that i can never get the right link to join because i was scammed by three people whom i meant on the Internet and they promised to help me join but they never did. They collected my money and i was never initiated into the brotherhood. Until i was introduced to World Illuminati Organizations and he told me the truth that those in USA Don’t pay any money from their pocket to become a member of the Illuminati, and i am an American. so i was very Interested i called the temple messenger number, the temple messenger Told me what i need to do, i did it and i was initiated i did not pay a dine from my money to become a member. But i was told that those living outside USA may have to do certain things for the purchase of their initiation materials. But those living within the square of USA don’t pay a dine. I followed all instructions and after my initiation, I was given all the benefit of becoming a member. As i talk to you am very okay and my future have been settled. I am well protected and i am wealthy and famous. Please if you wish to become a member of the great Illuminati contact Agent on the Devil Church, ( worldilluminatiorganization@yahoo.com). Those in other countries outside the USA can contact the international agent on call Or WhatsApp +2348115754306. And generally anyone who wishes to become a real member can send email to ( worldilluminatiorganization@yahoo.com) Become a member today and enjoy the benefit of life.

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  29. STOP WASTING YOUR TIME ON FAKE PEOPLE WHO CLAIM TO BE AN AGENT I WAS SCAMED 4TIMES NOT UNTIL I RECIEVE A MESSAGE ON MY WHATSAPP TO CONTACT MR HARRIS WHICH I DID NOW I AM A FULL MEMBER OF THE GREAT ILLUMINATI BROTHERHOOD BE WHAT YOU WHICH FOR IN LIFE BY JOINING THE GREAT ILLUMINATI BROTHERHOOD TODAY Further encouraging the rumours is the widespread use of supposed "Illuminati" imagery in music videos. Many Freemason and Illuminati symbols, like devil horns and the all-seeing eye, have simply become popular in mainstream culture. But it's also true that some musicians seem to enjoy deliberately playing with symbols connected to secret societies.if you are interested contact via whatsapp or call +14092993890 GOOD LUCK.

    ReplyDelete
  30. Welcome to the Illuminati brotherhood society where riches and powers and dreams are achieved.Having you been looking for a way to join this great brotherhood Illuminati the world of success riches power and fame here is a golden opportunity and chance to join the great fraternity. Join Illuminati brotherhood today and receive the sum of $1,000,000,00 USD immediately after your initiation and many more benefits to come your way, No human sacrifices is involve only few items needed for your initiation, if interested whats-app the temple now for more information on how to become a member via Email at [Adamsmithilluminatiworld@gmail.com] or you contact our representative in African +2348051980739/Whats-app or message my Master Sir Lord Adams Smith directly +1(408)800-3354 /Whats-app OR Click on this link https://www.facebook.com/Brotherhood-Of-Trust-Illuminati-Organisation-107585554734764/

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    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hello everyone my name is James Clark i am from U.K i'm giving a testimony on how I joined the illuminati brotherhood, I was trying to join this organization for so many years now, I was scammed by fake agent in south Africa and Nigeria, I was down i could not feed my self and my family anymore and I tried to make money by all means but all in vain, I was afraid to contact any illuminati agent because they have eat my money, one day I came across a post of someone giving a testimony thanking a man called John William for helping him to join the illuminati brotherhood, then I looked at the man's email and the phone number that was written there, I was afraid to contact him because i was scammed a lot of times by scammers who ate my 5000,000 and went away with the money then I was very confused so I decided to contact the person that was given the testimony and i called him and I communicated with him on phone calls before he started telling me his own story about when he wanted to join he told me everything to do, then I made up my mind and called the agent called John William and he told me everything to do and I was initiated, surprisingly I was given my benefit of being a new member of the great illuminati brotherhood I was so happy, for those of you trying to join this organization this is your opportunity for you to join CONTACT MR John William call (+2348119132137) or WhatsApp him (+2348119132137) or Email johndavid2135@gmail.com

      Delete
  31. HOW ILLUMINATI BROTHERHOOD MAKE ME RICH AND FAMOUS. I am a member of the illuminati brotherhood, i want to give thanks to the Lord Lucifer, for what he has done for me, he changed my life, he bring joy and happiness to my life, i am living a good life today is because of the illuminati brotherhood, i have being try all my life to join the illuminati brotherhood, i was scammed some many times but i still did not give up, because when you give up in life, life will also give up on you, if you have been scammed so many times, my advise for you is not to give up, because the illuminati brotherhood is real, i joined the real illuminati paying just 500usd, to join the illuminati, i want you all to know today, , you don't pay money to join, my advice for you all is to make up your mind and join the illuminati brotherhood, when my initiation process was completed the benefits amount which was given to me is $1,000,000 to start a new life, this is the reason why i can not stop hailing the illuminati brotherhood, Are you a musician or a politician or a business person and you want to become rich in what you do if you are in any kind of problems or you in support in life, my advice to you is to join the illuminati brotherhood so that all your problems can be solve in life, to join the illuminati brotherhood you can contact AGENT CARLOS on whatsapp me +2348119132137

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  32. Hello everyone my name is James Clark i am from U.K i'm giving a testimony on how I joined the illuminati brotherhood, I was trying to join this organization for so many years now, I was scammed by fake agent in south Africa and Nigeria, I was down i could not feed my self and my family anymore and I tried to make money by all means but all in vain, I was afraid to contact any illuminati agent because they have eat my money, one day I came across a post of someone giving a testimony thanking a man called John William for helping him to join the illuminati brotherhood, then I looked at the man's email and the phone number that was written there, I was afraid to contact him because i was scammed a lot of times by scammers who ate my 5000,000 and went away with the money then I was very confused so I decided to contact the person that was given the testimony and i called him and I communicated with him on phone calls before he started telling me his own story about when he wanted to join he told me everything to do, then I made up my mind and called the agent called John William and he told me everything to do and I was initiated, surprisingly I was given my benefit of being a new member of the great illuminati brotherhood I was so happy, for those of you trying to join this organization this is your opportunity for you to join CONTACT MR John William call (+2348119132137) or WhatsApp him (+2348119132137) or Email johndavid2135@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete